Two or three authors

When there are two or three authors they should all be noted in the text Directly using an and Davis and Taddle (2001) find… Or indirectly Recent research (Davis and Taddle, 2001) suggests that… For two or three authors…….. In 1992, research...

Four authors or more

In cases where there are four or more authors, we only list the first author should followed by “et al.” meaning “and others”: Watson, et al. (1987) found that most… or indirectly: Previous research (Watson, et al., 1995) has found that...

More than one author not cited directly

Place this at the relevant point in the sentence or at the end of the sentence, putting the author’s name, publication date separated by a semi-colon Where several publications from a number of authors are referenced, the references should be cited in...

Same author, same publication dates

If you are quoting several works published by the same author in the same year, they should be differentiated by adding a lower case letter directly, with no space, after the year for each item: Earlier evidence from Hills (1996a) found that…but later research...

No author

If you cannot identify the author use ‘Anonymous’ or ‘Anon’ with the title of the work and date of publication. The title should be written in italics. Business strategy (Anon., 1999)